IMOC Resources Related to International Student Issues


  • Studying Psychology in the United States: Expert Guidance for International Students
    Author: Nadia T. Hasan, Nadya A. Fouad, and Carol Williams-Nichelson
    Publisher: Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association
  • Counseling international students: Clients from around the world
    Author: Arthur, Nancy
    Publisher: New York, NY, US: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
  • The psychology of culture shock (2nd ed.)
    Author: Ward, Colleen; Bochner, Stephen; Furnham, Adrian
    Publisher: New York, NY, US: Routledge
  • Strategies for building multicultural competence in mental health and educational settings
    Author: Constantine, Madonna G (ED); Sue, Derald Wing (ED)
    Publisher: New York, NY, US: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
  • 110 experiences for multicultural learning
    Author: Pedersen, Paul B
    Publisher: Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association
  • Culturally responsive interventions: Innovative approaches to working with diverse populations
    Author: Ancis, Julie R (ED)
    Publisher: New York, NY, US: Brunner-Routledge
  • Assessment and intervention with children and adolescents: Developmental and multicultural approaches (2nd ed.)
    Author: Vernon, Ann; Clemente, Roberto
    Publisher: Alexandria, VA, US: American Counseling Association
  • The psychology of prejudice and discrimination: Ethnicity and multiracial identity
    Author: Chin, Jean Lau (ED)
    Publisher: Westport, CT, US: Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc
  • Culture and developing selves: Beyond dichotomization
    Author: Mascolo, Michael E (ED); Li, Jin (ED)
    Publisher: San Francisco, CA, US: Jossey-Bass
  • Culture and psychology (3rd ed.)
    Author: Matsumoto, David; Juang, Linda
    Publisher: Belmont, CA, US: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning
  • Your supervised practicum and internship: Field resources for turning theory into action
    Author: Russell-Chapin, Lori A; Ivey, Allen E
    Publisher: Belmont, CA, US: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co
  • Cultural diversity: Its social psychology
    Author: Chryssochoou, Xenia
    Publisher: Malden, MA, US: Blackwell Publishers
  • The Handbook of International Psychology
    Author: Stevens, Michael J; Wedding, Danny
    Publisher: New York, NY, US: Brunner-Routledge
  • Psychology in Singapore (Author: Nair, Elizabeth)
  • Psychology in Australia (Author: Garton, Alison F)
  • Psychology in Indonesia (Author: Sarwono, Sarlito W)
  • International Psychology: A Synthesis
    Author: Stevens, Michael J; Wedding, Danny
    Publisher: New York, NY, US: Brunner-Routledge
  • Culture and counseling: New approaches
    Author: Harper, Frederick D (ED); McFadden, John (ED)
    Publisher: Needham Heights, MA, US: Allyn & Bacon
  • Multicultural counseling in schools: A practical handbook (2nd ed.)
    Author: Pedersen, Paul B (ED); Carey, John C (ED)
    Publisher: Needham Heights, MA, US: Allyn & Bacon
  • Counseling the culturally diverse: Theory and practice (5th ed.)
    Author: Sue, Derald Wing; Sue, David
    Publisher: New York, NY, US: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
  • Acculturation and psychological adaptation
    Author: Castro, Vanessa Smith
    Publisher: Westport, CT, US: Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc
  • Negotiating bilingual and bicultural identities: Japanese returnees betwixt two worlds
    Author: Kanno, Yasuko
    Publisher: Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers
  • Progress in Asian social psychology: Conceptual and empirical contributions
    Author: Yang, Kuo-Shu (ED); Hwang, Kwang-Kuo (ED); Pedersen, Paul B (ED); Daibo, Ikuo (ED)
    Publisher: Westport, CT, US: Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc
  • Children of color: Psychological interventions with culturally diverse youth
    Author: Gibbs, Jewelle Taylor (ED); Huang, Larke Nahme (ED)
    Publisher: San Francisco, CA, US: Jossey-Bass
  • Multicultural competencies: A guidebook of practices
    Author: Roysircar, Gargi (ED); Sandhu, Daya Singh (ED); Bibbins, Victor E Sr. (ED)
    Publisher: Alexandria, VA, US: Association for Multicultural Counseling & Development
  • A postmodern psychology of Asian Americans: Creating knowledge of a racial minority
    Author: Uba, Laura
    Publisher: Albany, NY, US: State University of New York Press
  • Asian American mental health: Assessment theories and methods
    Author: Kurasaki, Karen S (ED); Okazaki, Sumie (ED); Sue, Stanley (ED)
    Publisher: New York, NY, US: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
  • Crossing Customs: International Students Write on U.S. College Life and Culture
    Author: Garrod, Andrew (ED); Davis, Jay (ED.)
    Publisher: New York: Falmer Press
  • Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural Counselling
    Editor: Caroline S. Clauss-Ehlers
    Publisher: New York, NY, US: Springer
    ISBN: 978-0387718002Abstract: With contributions from leading researchers, educators, and practitioners in school psychology, this one-of-a-kind encyclopedia provides a comprehensive, easy-to-use guide to cross-cultural school psychology. Some 400 entries explore the concepts, themes, and latest research findings that are critical to understanding the field. Moreover, the encyclopedia examines issues that arise from pre-K to 12th grade, offering support at all levels of primary and secondary education.Each entry includes a description of a particular term, a bibliography, and additional readings for professionals. A subject index helps readers quickly locate on-point information. All entries are cross-referenced to other terms of related interest.In addition to benefiting school psychologists, this comprehensive volume addresses the questions of teachers, allied education professionals, researchers, policymakers, graduate students, healthcare and mental health professionals, child advocates. It is certain to become the reference of choice for coursework, research, practice, consultation, and policy in cross-cultural school psychology.
  • Cross-Cultural Awareness and Social Justice in Counselling:
    Editors: Cyrus Marcellus Ellis and Jon Carlson
    Publisher: New York, NY, US: Routledge
    ISBN: 978-0415954525Abstract: Many societal and cultural changes have taken place over the past several decades, almost all of which have had a significant effect on the mental health professions. Clinicians find themselves encountering clients from highly diverse backgrounds more and more often, increasing the need for a knowledge of cross-cultural competencies. Ellis and Carlson have brought together some of the leaders in the field of multicultural counseling to create a text for mental health professionals that not only addresses diversity but also emphasizes the counselor’s role as an advocate of social justice. The theoretical foundation for this book rests on research into diversity, spirituality, religion, and color-specific issues. Each chapter addresses the unique needs and relevant issues in working with a specific population, such as women, men, African Americans, Asian Americans, Spanish-speaking clients, North America’s indigenous people, members of the LGBT community, new citizens, and the poor, underserved, and underrepresented. Issues that enter into the counselor-patient relationship are discussed in detail for all of these groups, with the hope that this will lead to a greater understanding and sensitivity on the part of the counselor for their patients. This is an important and timely book for both counselors-in-training and those already established as professionals in today’s highly diverse and constantly changing society.
  • International Handbook of Cross-Cultural Counseling: Cultural Assumptions and Practices Worldwide:
    Editors: Lawrence H. Gerstein, P. Paul Heppner, Stefania Aegisdottir
    Publisher: Thousand Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications
    ISBN: 978-1412959551Abstract: “The Handbook of International Counseling” is an effort to bring together the current practices, values, attitudes and beliefs about counseling from countries around the globe. The editors have selected leading experts in the field of counseling in a wide and culturally representative group of countries throughout the world. This book will be the first volume that undertakes such an ambitious goal in the field of counseling.
  • Diversity, Culture and Counselling: A Canadian Perspective:
    Editors & Contributors: Maria del Carmen Rodriguez, Geoffrey Hett, Honoré France
    Publisher: Calgary, AB, CA: Detselig Enterprises Ltd.
    ISBN: 978-1550592603Abstract: Canadian society encompasses a variety of cultural, ethnic and religious groups. It is essential for the counselor to understand the beliefs and thought processes of individuals within these various groups in order to establish rapport and understanding, as well as to make the counseled individual feel comfortable. This book is based on the belief of diversity and the importance of culture that multicultural counseling offers an approach to working with people from different ethnic, racial, religious backgrounds and sexual orientations. Understanding the causes and costs of stereotypes and biases is vital if counselors are to bridge the ethnic and racial divide. Being secure in one’s own identity, culturally and racially, can only help to ensure that people accept and respect individual and collective differences. This book provides necessary background information relative to many of the diverse cultural groups in Canada.
  • The Four Skills of Cultural Diversity Competence: A Process for Understanding and Practice
    Author: Dr. Mikel Hogan-Garcia
    Publisher: Belmont, CA, US: Wadsworth Publishing
    ISBN: 978-0534524753Abstract: Providing the reader with a step-by-step format for entering into and developing cultural competence, this text is designed to help the reader acquire the skills necessary to become a culturally competent practitioner. The process this book sets forth draws strongly on the author’s twenty years of cultural diversity work as well as the fundamental premise that cultural competence is an ongoing and multi-layered process involving personal, interpersonal, and organization-wide levels. The book is divided into four skills: the first two skills increase cultural awareness and understanding, while the third and fourth skills foster effective interpersonal skills and organization change strategies. Each chapter combines both cognitive and experiential learning.
  • Interviewing Clients across Cultures: A Practitioner’s Guide:
  • Author: Lisa Aronson Fontes
  • Publisher: New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press
    ISBN: 978-1593857103Abstract: Packed with practical pointers and examples, this indispensable, straight-talking guide helps professionals conduct productive interviews while building strong working relationships with culturally and linguistically diverse clients. Chapters cover verbal and nonverbal ways to build rapport and convey respect; how to overcome language barriers, including effective use of interpreters; culturally competent interviews with children and adolescents; and key issues in working with immigrants and refugees. Strategies for avoiding common cross-cultural misunderstandings and producing fair, accurate reports are presented. Every chapter concludes with thought-provoking discussion questions and resources for further reading.
  • Diversity and Development: Critical Contexts that Shape Our Lives and Relations:
    Author: Dana Comstock
    Publisher: Belmont, CA, US: Brooks Cole
    ISBN: 978-0534574062Abstract: Master the basics of human growth and development with DIVERSITY AND DEVELOPMENT! Providing a brief overview of developmental theories, this counseling text discusses topics such as women and men’s development, identity development, gay and lesbian issues, sexuality, trauma and abuse, chronic illness, gifted and talented individuals, grief and loss, family development, and addiction and resilience. Case scenarios link theory to practice to give you the opportunity to contextualize material from both traditional and relational models of development.


Online Resources

Career Development for International Students


Accredited Counseling Programs in Canada: There are four accredited counseling psychology Ph.D. programs in Canada. These Ph.D. programs are accredited by the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA). Some of them are also accredited by the American Psychological association (APA). CPA and APA are now coming to a new agreement, however, that APA will no longer accredit or renew accreditation for programs in Canada. Accreditation of Master’s level programs is not yet wide spread in Canada as it is in the U.S. Below is a list of accredited Ph.D. level counseling programs.

  1. University of British Columbia; Vancouver, BC: (
    International Students:
  2. University of Alberta; Edmonton, AB: (
    International Students:
  3. University of Toronto (OISE), Toronto, ON: (
    International Students:
  4. McGill University, Montreal, QC: (
    International Students:

Citizenship & Immigration Canada:

Study Permits in Canada:

More information on studying in Canada:

Information on Immigrating to Canada:

CPA International / Cross-Cultural Psychology:

Canadian Job Market:

University of Alberta Resource for International Students – Preparing to Study in Canada:

Canadian College of Psychologists – By Province:

In Canada, much like in the U.S., registration or licensing of psychologists is governed by the provinces (Canadian equivalent of states). Each province has a college of psychologists. These colleges determine the criteria for registration or licensure in that province. Please see below for a list of these colleges and their web sites in each province.

British Columbia:











Foreign Trained Psychologist in Canada:

The Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials is an organization focused on bridging the gap between foreign-trained professionals’ credentials and the requirements set out in Canadian legislation.  The following is a website that allows foreign-trained professional psychologists to begin the navigation process of transferring their credentials and recognizing those which are further required.


Canadian Psychological Association:

Canadian Psychological Association Counseling Website:

Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association:

British Columbia Psychological Association:

Psychologists Association of Alberta:

Ontario Psychological Association:


Psychology Conferences Worldwide:

Canadian Psychological Association Convention:

Canadian Psychological Association Future Conventions:

Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association Annual Conference:


Counselling Psychology in a Canadian Context:

Canadian Counselling Association (2007). Code of ethics. Ottawa, ON: Author.

Lalande, V. (2004). Counselling psychology: A Canadian perspective. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 17, 273-286.

Hiebert, B., & Uhlemann, M. R. (1993). Counselling psychology: Development, identity, and issues. In K. S. Dobson & D. J. G. Dobson (Eds.), Professional psychology in Canada (pp. 285-312). Cambridge, MA: Hogrefe & Huber.

Lecomte, D., Dumont, F., & Zingle, H. W. (1981). Research in counselling psychology: Changing emphases in a Canadian perspective. Canadian Counsellor, 16, 9-20.

Pelling, N. (2004). Counselling psychology: Diversity and commonalities across the western world. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 17, 239-245.

Ritchie, P. L. J., & Sabourin, M. E. (2004). Psychology in Canada. In M. J. Stevens & D. Wedding (Eds.), Handbook of international psychology (pp. 75 – 91).New York: Routledge.

Young, R. A., & Nicol, J. J. (2007). Counselling psychology in Canada: Advancing psychology for all. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 56, 20-32.

Websites for the Career Development of International Students

Internships: Center for International Career Development (CICD)This nonprofit organization provides J-1 visa sponsorship for international students who have at least 2 years of study or practical experience in a given subject field plus foreign language abilities and have secured their own US internship or also tries to place international students.

Websites for the Professional Development of International Students

APA Division 17: International Section
Provides helpful information, links and others, with regards to international counseling psychology.

APA Division 52: International Psychology
Provides useful website links to various international psychology associations and organizations.

International Counseling Psychology Conference
This is a website that outlines the International Counselling Psychology Conference.  While this conference was in 2008, it provides a nice overview of the information covered and identifies the presenters.  In addition, information from this conference can be ordered from the website.

International Union of Psychological Sciences (IUPsyS)
“The International Union for Psychological Science (IUPsyS) serves to build global interaction among research communities and promote advances in psychological science and technology at the international level.” It allows access to the National Academies Press reports in various languages and also provides information resources of the National Academies Press reports specifically for international students.

IACCP-International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology
The purpose of the IACCP is to facilitate communication among persons interested in a diverse range of issues involving the intersection of culture and psychology. IACCP is affiliated with the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS). This website provides internet links to associations/organizations, journals, and other resources related to cross-cultural psychology.

IAAP Counseling Psychology Division
The IAAP Counseling Psychology Division is a network of counseling psychologists from all over the world to allow the sharing of ideas, resources, support, and collaboration in promoting an international perspective in Counseling Psychology. It offers a Division Newsletter, Award program, Special Projects, and Divisional programming for the International Congress of Applied Psychology (ICAP). This website also provides job-related information for international students.

ICP: International Council of Psychologists“The purpose of ICP is to advance psychology and the application of its scientific findings throughout the world. To this end, ICP seeks to strengthen international bonds between psychologists and to widen, deepen, and clarify channels of communication between individual psychologists.” This organization provides a number of opportunities for international students, including (a) presentation of the research findings at the ICP conferences (Note: You do not have to go to the conference: you can present your study at the in-absentia poster session and win a prize!), (b) establishing connections with other psychologist from all over the world.

Minnesota International Counseling Institute
“The Minnesota International Counseling Institute (MICI) has been held every two years since 1989, with the goal of bringing together individuals from different regions of the world to promote the cross-cultural exchange of theories, techniques, and research about the counseling, psychology, and education professions. Designed primarily for those involved in counseling practice, training, supervision, and/or research, the institute offers participants an intensive learning experience with international colleagues. Enrollment is limited to maximize the cross-cultural exchange of practices and ideas. The institute will be conducted in the English language.” In 2005 the institute will be held on August 10-16.

Websites of Immigration Information for International Students

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
Through a network of local offices, Application Support Centers, Service Centers, local area immigration services field offices, National Customer Service Call (NCSC) Centers, Forms Centers, and the Internet, USCIS processes all immigrant and non-immigrant benefits provided to visitors of the United States.

International Student Immigration Issues
Provide useful information concerning international students, including “how to
extend student status”, “Permission for foreign students to work”, “visas for spouses and dependent children of foreign students”, and “school transfers for F-1 students”.

The Immigration Law Portal
It is a website launched by one of the largest immigration law firms in North America called Siskind Susser. It provides all kinds of information related to immigration to the U.S. and updated news about immigration regulation changes.

Working and studying in the United States



USCIS Website:

Website for students: (1) Students and Employment; (2) Students and Exchange visitors

Information about OPTs:

An OPT (Optional Practical Training) provides students with a chance to work in their field, and gain employment experience, for a specified period of time. OPTs can be completed part-time, during the course of your studies, or following the completion of you studies.

General information:

I-765, Application for Employment Authorization (Additional paperwork will also be required from your current school of study. )


H-1B Visas allow employers to sponsor foreign works in specialty occupations, thus making it possible for them to work in the US.  These applications are completed by both the foreigner and the employer.

General information

Application information

Other resources for international students and professionals

Writing Grants & Papers:

This article provides a brief guideline for writing an effective grant proposal and helpful resources such as websites and books.

This is the official site of APA for learning the APA style. The website offers free tutorials, resources, and related products (e.g., Publication Manual, Mastering APA Style, Displaying Your Findings, etc.) for students and professionals.


This site provides information related to postdoctoral and pre-doctoral internships. Information about The National Match Program, as well as general resources related to training for postdoctoral and pre-doctoral students, are provided through this website. The following links within the APPIC website might be of interest to many.

The APPIC Match

APPIC Training Resources

APPIC Postdoctoral Training

  • Williams-Nickelson, C., Prinstein, M. J., & Keilin, W. G. (Eds.). (2008). Internships in psychology: The APAGS workbook for writing successful application and finding the right fit. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

This book assists pre-doctoral students in psychology to navigate through the internship application process by providing instructions for ranking internship sites, writing essays, interviewing, and also finding positions through the APPIC internship clearing house. Helpful resources such as checklists, essay examples and cover letters are included.

  •  Pincus, D., & Otis, J. (2004). The clinical psychology internship guide: The primary resources for obtaining your first choice. Chestnut Hill, MA: Psychzone, Inc. A copy could be obtained from

The book and website provide an overview to prepare for the predoctoral internship. Information on calculating hours, putting together Curriculum Vitae, writing the essays, preparing the APPIC application, and preparing for interviews is provided. Although the authors targeted clinical psychology students as their audience, the information can be applicable to counseling students who plan to apply for predoctoral internships.

A list of commonly asked questions during the internship interview, which were compiled by Tiemann and Nusbaum (1998) in the Monitor are provided.