John M. Whiteley, the founding editor and original publisher of The Counseling Psychologist, has generously made available to our readers several foundational and historical resources in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Journal. Below, readers will find summaries and links to the books he has authored or coauthored as well as to a historical book on counseling women (Harmon, Birk, Fitzgerald, & Tanney, 1978). These online resources are presented in alphabetical order below.
Harmon, L. M., Birk, J. M., Fitzgerald, L. E., & Tanney, M. F. (Eds.). (1978). Counseling women. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.
The book Counseling Women includes articles originally published in The Counseling Psychologist in 1973 (Fitzgerald & Harmon, 1973) and 1976 (Birk & Tanney, 1976), plus two additions. The enduring value of Counseling Women is captured by the following excerpt from the Preface written by Lenore W. Harmon:
This book contains the major portion of two issues of The Counseling Psychologist. The two issues are “Counseling Women [I],” published in 1973, and “Counseling Women II,” published in mid-1976.
As editors of the first issue, Laurine E. Fitzgerald and I felt a keen responsibility to set a tone that would help our readers appreciate the need for a new approach to counseling women—an approach unbiased by preconceived notions of what women are or should be. The contributing authors were no less committed. They shared the attitude that “whatever will help the readers see the problem most clearly is what we should do” and granted us unheard-of liberties with their manuscripts so that we might achieve that goal.
We were also very aware that, in order to gain a maximum audience, we had to strike the right balance between innovation and tradition. It seemed prudent at that time to lean slightly toward the traditional end of the spectrum, for we knew that we were attempting to help create massive social changes. The Epilogue to “Counseling Women” said “This single issue of The Counseling Psychologist is but one step on the long trek…[toward] the sensitization of men and women counseling psychologists to the changing needs of girls and women. Now is the time—who and where are the next step’s initiators?” (p. ix)
The first issue of Counseling Women—which represents Section I of this book—was designed to highlight the deficiencies in our counseling theories and practices as applied to women. The second issue dared to go further by focusing on counseling women with very specific problems in their lives: the single-again woman, the rape victim [sic], the mastectomy patient, and the “perfect mother,” just to cite a few. Discussions of these topics, together with articles addressing other dimensions and aspects of counseling interventions for women, make up Section 2 of the book.
Whiteley, J. M. (Ed.). (1967). Research in counseling: Evaluation and refocus. Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill.
Research in Counseling: Evaluation and Refocus, edited by John M. Whiteley, reports the findings from the 3-day Bromwoods Invitational Conference on Research Problems in Counseling. The Central Midwest Regional Educational Laboratory and Washington University were hosts for the invitational conference, which was held at Bromwoods, the Washington University Conference Center. Forty-five national and regional leaders in counseling research attended the conference.
The conference was a response to the needs of the field. At the Greyston conference, Dr. Arthur Brayfield delivered a paper on January 23, 1964 titled “Counseling Psychology.” At the end of his presentation, he concluded that there was “little that was impressive” in counseling research. The efforts of the Bromwoods conference were directed to three substantive areas of research that were crucial to the advancement of the profession at the time: (a) research on counselor effectiveness and characteristics of the counselor, (b) characteristics of the client: implications for selection and method of treatment, and (c) assessment of outcomes: evaluation of the interaction of client and counselor.
Following the conference presentations, participants formed into six task groups to make specific recommendations for future research. Their charge was to identify the salient issues raised by the two speakers and the four discussants on a topic, and identify the major points, if any, which the task group members believed were not raised.
The final and most important charge of each task group was to provide specific recommendations for concrete research projects that should be conducted as a result of the reevaluation and refocus provided by the major papers, discussions, and preliminary task group work.
At the conclusion of the conference, one member from each task group drafted a comprehensive task group report. Each report included (a) the aspects of the papers and discussions deemed most salient and important, (b) an enumeration of areas not covered by the papers and discussions that the task group perceived as critical to the topic, and (c) a list of specific research projects that should be undertaken to translate the reevaluation and refocus of the literature into empirical terms.
Following the progress made by the profession of organized counseling psychology based on the Northwestern conference of 1951 and the Greyston conference of 1964, the values of sustained engagement and multiple perspectives of the Bromwoods Invitational Conference of 1967 were instrumental in the development of the proposal brought to the APA Division 17 Executive Committee and President John McGowan in 1968, to found The Counseling Psychologist.
Whiteley, J. M. (Ed.). (1980). The history of counseling psychology. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.
The History of Counseling Psychology, edited by John M. Whiteley, contains key historical documents, inaugural definitions of the profession, recommended initial standards for training, historical perspectives from 1954 to 1962, and highlights of the Greyston conference of 1964. The Greyston conference updated the Northwestern conference of 1951, which had taken place when only a third of scholars in the profession had doctorates. The concluding section of the book includes passages from The Professional Preparation of Counseling Psychologists: Report of the 1964 Greyston Conference, written by Joseph Samler and John G. Darley, and edited by Albert S. Thompson and Donald E. Super. The volume concludes with definitions of a counseling psychologist from 1968 and 1976.
Whiteley, J. M. (1984). Counseling psychology: A historical perspective. Schenectady, NY: Character Research.
Counseling Psychology: A Historical Perspective is a solely authored book by John M. Whiteley. that is part of a series. In the series Forward, written by John M. Whiteley and Arthur Resnikoff, the authors made two points. First, the book reflects those significant developments that had occurred in the counseling psychology field over the past decades. No longer was it possible for a single author to cover the complexity and scope of counseling psychology as was practiced at the time. Thus, the book incorporated the viewpoints of different authors with diverse training and perspectives.
Second, the intent of the book was to stimulate the reader’s thinking about the field of counseling psychology, about the assumptions made regarding the basic nature of people, about the normal course of human development and the progressive growth tasks that everyone faces, about how behavior is acquired, and about the ways in which different approaches to counseling psychology postulate how human beings can help one another.
The book is organized into seven historical periods:
- Formative influences in the first half of the 20th century: The first historical period (1908–1950).
- Inaugural definitions of the profession: The second historical period (1951–1956).
- Emerging differences on status and focus: The third historical period (1954–1962).
- Positive initiatives by counseling psychology: The fourth historical period (1963–1967).
- Alternative directions for the profession: The fifth historical period (1968–1976).
- Rethinking professional identity and the role of the specialty: The sixth historical period (1977–1983).
- Challenge and opportunity in building on the historical legacy: The seventh historical period (1984–present).
Whiteley, J. M., & Fretz, B. R. (Eds.). (1980). The present and future of counseling psychology. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.
The Present and Future of Counseling Psychology was edited by John M. Whiteley and Bruce R. Fretz. The book has four distinct sections. The first three sections provide three different perspectives on the professional identify of counseling psychology in 1978: (a) the view from within, (b) as others see us, and (c) responses from the profession’s leadership. The fourth section provided an opportunity for 17 authors from across the first set of generations of counseling psychologists to think about and forecast counseling psychology two decades into the future.
Whiteley, J. M., Kagan, N., Harmon, L. W., Fretz, B. R., & Tanney, F. (1984). The coming decade in counseling psychology. Schenectady, NY: Character Research Press.
The Coming Decade in Counseling Psychology was edited by John M. Whiteley, Norman Kagan, Lenore W. Harmon, Bruce R. Fretz, and Mary Faith Tanney. This volume summarized ideas of the historical period spanning from 1980 through 1983. The distinctive purpose of the book was to inform readers about major problems and challenges that counseling psychology graduate students would confront in the beginning phases of their training. Moreover, it addressed those practicing professionals whose goals were to (a) rethink their professional roles and responsibilities, (b) learn from the insights provided by our common historical legacy, and (c) consider alternatives for the future.
Some of the material in this book had appeared originally in The Counseling Psychologist, in an issue titled “Counseling Psychology: The Next Decade,” published in 1982 (Vol. 10, No. 2). The book, therefore, represented an extensive expansion of this content into 29 chapters and 359 pages. The book is divided into five major sections:
- Practice in the 1980s: Resource papers.
- Counseling psychology and science in the 1980s: Source papers.
- Institutions which are influencing counseling psychology in the 1980s: Source papers.
- The perspective from three decades of counseling psychology.
- Commentary on the coming decade.
Whiteley, J. M., & Resnikoff, A. (Eds.). (1978). Career counseling. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.
John M. Whiteley and Arthur Resnikoff coedited Career Counseling. The purpose of the book was to present the fundamental disagreements at the time about the effectiveness of established methodologies, instruments, and counseling practices in working with career counseling clients.
Whiteley, J. M., & Resnikoff, A. (Eds.). (1978). Perspectives on vocational development. Washington, DC: American Personnel and Guidance Association.
John M. Whiteley and Arthur Resnikoff edited Perspectives on Vocational Development. The book presents original contributions by Donald E. Super, John L. Holland, Anne Roe, and David V. Tiedeman. Donald E. Super projected into the future asking how vocational development theory will develop in the next 20 years. John L. Holland explored the same territory when analyzing practical implications. The authors also reviewed topics just emerging in 1972, such as computer-based educational and career exploration systems, how a machine can contribute to self-realization in career development, and the even more fundamental question of “Can a machine counsel?”